Throughout hundreds of years, we certainly have made use of the world to meet our own needs. Putting it simple , we have exploited planet earth beyond her threshold level. The unfathomable improper use on this world has resulted in a worldwide temperature rise known as global warming. The rising temperature has caused the polar caps to melt, thus resulting in an increase of ocean water, raising sea-levels, etc. To quote Henry David Thoreau, "what's the use of a house if you don't have a tolerable entire world to put it on?".
Recycling literally means to reuse the items that have already been implemented once. It implies reprocessing the put to use elements to avoid waste generated by household or industrial dumping. Recycling helps in lowering the greenhouse gas emissions and landfilling. Landfilling is the oldest and the most crude way of disposing waste. The process involves disposal of waste by burial. Although this is the organized method of waste disposal, it has severe negative impacts on people staying close to these areas and also to the surrounding environment.
Recycling has become the need of the hour, as the world is reeling under the pressure of many complex environmental issues. The wanton destruction of rain forests has left many species of animals and plants on the brink of extinction. Inconsiderately, rain forests have been cut down for paper, timber and regional development. The everyday printing and writing paper that we use in each of our offices come from the rainforests in Australia. Recycling of paper at the household level has seen a popular upward trend, but fresh timber finds its way to the office. Rain forests play an important role in maintaining the ecosystem, which we are all a part of. This means that we are all interdependent and this necessitates recycling at every step.
Plastic has been the long debated topic in the recycling revolution. Plastic recycling means gathering things right from plastic bottles and caps and processing them into tables and chairs. On the plus side, HDPE (high-density polyethylene), PET or PETE (polyethylene terephthalate), LDPE (low density polyethylene), PP (polypropylene) and PS (polystyrene) are some of the types of plastics that can be recycled. A negative side of plastic is that it is not biodegradable and hence cannot be just disposed off. Burning plastic is the most illogical way to get rid of it. The moment this seemingly harmless trash is set on fire, it releases a toxic gas known as dioxin. The biggest problem faced by plastic recycling is the sorting of plastic into recyclable and non-recyclable types. The unrecycled plastic again results in landfilling.
Recycling at household level has proved to be very beneficial. Kitchen and garden waste is recycled by composting. The aerobic bacteria that breaks the waste elements into fertile top soil are called as humus. Humus reinvigorates vital nutrients and organic matter into the soil. Beautiful gardens and splendid parks can be made out on this soil.
Glass recycling turns the implemented waste glass into new usable products. It helps in saving the many raw resources that go into making glass. Glass refilling is a famously observed norm in developing countries like India and Brazil. As the phrase suggests, old bottles are refilled to save costs to the company. This also reduces a significant amount of waste sent to landfill.
The items and materials that we use in all of our daily lives such as textiles, paper, plastic, timber, ferrous and non-ferrous metals, paint and batteries can be recycled. Recycling not only affects the environment in a positive way but also re-creates the lost resources. Increase in wealth, population and technology and the various lifestyle changes, have all led to an unmanageable amount of waste. Harmful gases and chemicals are released into the atmosphere by the rubbish in the landfill sites. Recycling will ensure in restoring the habitats and forest lands. This is the entire world that gave us each of our lives. If she had the power to create, then she also has the power to destroy if we keep abusing her.